or, “spooky action at a distance” – a term that Einstein used to describe the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Effect (1935), which predicted the entanglement of subatomic particles. December 16, 1997: The New York Times reported that a group of physicists in Austria had achieved the transfer of a physical property from one particle of light to another one, which theoretically could be billions of light-years away. “An entangled pair of particles was created by passing a photon of ultraviolet radiation through a special crystal that split it into two photons of lower energy. These daughter photons sped apart in different directions but remained correlated with each other; their inseparable bond could span any distance. If one of these entangled photons is measured so that its quantum state collapses into a definite property the quantum state of its distant partner will instantly collapse to the opposite form.” Although the speed of light is an absolute speed, the message would be conveyed instantaneously, no matter the distance involved. Image: A gravitational lens is a dense cluster of galaxies positioned between a very distant object and an observer. The light from the distant object (usually a quasar or galaxy), as predicted by Einstein (and confirmed during a solar eclipse by Arthur Stanley Eddington in 1919), is bent around the dense intervening cluster which acts like a lens. This is because the fabric of space is literally warped by gravitation. This is another example of how, once again, Nature has provided a way for science to evolve through serendipity. credit: quasar5p2_hst.jpg apod.nasa.gov

spukhafte fernwirkung